Emeralds have been mined and considered one of the world’s most valuable jewels for thousands of years. The first known record of Emeralds dates back to ancient Egypt, where they were a favorite of Cleopatra. Not only were Emeralds highly coveted for their beauty, but also because they were believed to increase intelligence, protect marriages, ease childbirth and enable the wearer to foresee their future.
Colombian Emeralds, especially those from the Muzo mines, have historically commanded the highest value in the market and have continued to break records at auction. Colombian Emeralds are known for warmer, more intense pure green color and are known to be the most desirable. Many of the world’s most notable Emeralds, including the Mogul Mughal Emerald and the Duke of Devonshire Emerald, are of Colombian origin.
For centuries, Rubies have been one of the most significant colored stones. They are mentioned in a number of ancient manuscripts and were even known as the “king of precious stones” in the Sanskrit language. Many medieval Europeans wore Rubies to enhance their wealth, wisdom and success in love. Rubies quickly became a highly sought after gem for royals and those of the upper classes.
Burmese rubies are considered to be the most coveted of Rubies. Fine quality natural unheated Burmese Rubies in large sizes are quite rare and currently sell at higher premium than diamonds of even larger sizes. The most prized Rubies, including The Sunrise Ruby, have come from the Burmese region.
Blue Sapphires have been associated with royalty and romance for centuries. In ancient times, Greek and Roman kings and queens wore blue Sapphires as they were thought to protect their wearers from envy and harm. This was reinforced in 1981 when Prince Charles gave a blue Sapphire engagement ring to Princess Diana, which has since been passed down to Prince William who gave the ring to Duchess Kate.
Blue Sapphires are found in many locations throughout the world. Some of these locations include, but are not limited to: Australia, China, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam and even the United States. Today, the best blue Sapphires are found in the Mogok mine in Burma (Myanmar). Burmese Sapphires are rare, as only 10-20% of the mines output is blue Sapphire with the other 80-90% being Ruby. Burmese Sapphires are known for their deeper saturation of color and superior luster.